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欧尔桑克
Orthanc
地理
类型 山脉
概要
别名 尖牙山(Mount Fang)
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欧尔桑克Orthanc)是杜内丹人第二纪元艾森加德建造的坚不可摧的高塔。[1][2]

外形

欧尔桑克塔含有四根焊接起来的由多面体状的石头构成的柱子,如孤岛般矗立于艾森加德环场的中央,与环场边缘距离大约半英里。[3]

其顶端高度刚好超过500尺。石头呈现一种反光的深黑色。在欧尔桑克的顶端,四石柱向外延展形成四处石质尖顶;在这些石头的岛屿之间有一处窄小而光滑的底面,上面写着许多奇异的标记。[3]


There stood a tower of marvellous shape. It was fashioned by the builders of old, who smoothed the Ring of Isengard, and yet it seemed a thing not made by the craft of Men, but riven from the bones of the earth in the ancient torment of the hills.
—— J.R.R. 托尔金[3]


历史

第二纪元

欧尔桑克的建造和艾森加德要塞的建立的确切时期已不可考究。但一定是建成于第二纪元3320年第二纪元3430年之间:3320年刚铎阿尔诺王国建立;3430年精灵与人类的最后联盟建立。[4] 欧尔桑克塔上保存着七颗帕蓝提尔之一的欧尔桑克晶石。因此,欧尔桑克成为了杜内丹人七座存放帕蓝提尔的高塔之一。[2]

第三纪元

卡伦纳松地区向来人烟稀少,它在第三纪元1636年大瘟疫中损失巨大,许多有努门诺尔人血统的居民渐渐向东迁移。欧尔桑克最后也被荒废,其钥匙也被送至米那斯提力斯由宰相保管。模板:Ret

第三纪元2510年[5],在凯勒布兰特原野之战之后,卡伦纳松被转让给伊奥希奥德人埃奥尔成为了洛汗的开国国王。刚铎仍然控制着艾森加德要塞,欧尔桑克仍是南方王国的第三座塔。在这段时间,艾森加德由一位世袭的首领带领的少量刚铎人把守。然而欧尔桑克的钥匙还是由宰相保管。

随着时间推移,艾森加德米那斯提力斯之间的联系与通信越来越不频繁;宰相因为还拥有欧尔桑克的钥匙,他们越来越多地思考东方的事情。最后刚铎族长的血脉断绝,那里的人们更多地与黑蛮地人往来。他们甚至允许黑蛮地人进入艾森加德,最后两族自愿地融合为一体。后来艾森加德黑蛮地人控制,他们在西伏尔德进行了很多次袭击。虽然洛希尔人没有足够的力量来攻击这处要塞,但黑蛮地人最后在漫长冬季后的大饥荒中因饥饿而屈服。因此,国王弗雷亚拉夫宰相贝伦萨茹曼接管艾森加德的请求很欢迎。于是,在第三纪元2759年,欧尔桑克的钥匙被给予这位巫师。 萨茹曼开始想要自己拥有魔戒,希望可以给索隆时间来重新积累力量来使它显露自身。作为白道会的领袖,萨茹曼在第三纪元2851年否决了甘道夫攻打多古尔都的请求。然而在第三纪元2941年,在萨茹曼发现索隆的仆从正在金鸢尾沼地搜寻魔戒时,他同意攻打索隆在黑森林的根据地。在第三纪元2953年白道会最后一次会议后,萨茹曼退回艾森加德并加固了这里。在大约第三纪元3000年,萨茹曼首次使用欧尔桑克晶石。于是索隆corrupted Saruman's mind and bent it to his will.[11]


Gandalf the Grey caught like a fly in a spider's treacherous web!


第三纪元2953年,甘道夫 rode to the foot of Orthanc and there met Saruman. It was then that Saruman revealed his true thoughts to Gandalf. He declared his desire to become a ruler of Men and to join with Sauron. But, most importantly, he announced his desire for The One Ring. Gandalf refused to submit to Sauron and Saruman. Subsequently, Saruman had Gandalf taken to the pinnacle of Orthanc where, Saruman schemed, Gandalf would stay until he reveal the location of the ring or until Sauron reclaimed it for himself. There Gandalf was trapped and for the first time he saw wolves and orcs in the valley of Isengard below. After many weeks of imprisonment,[note 1] Gandalf escaped as Gwaihir the Great Eagle came unlooked-for to Orthanc and bore him away.[12]

On 2 March, T.A. 3019, the Ents of Fangorn Forest began their attack on Isengard. By the next day, the Ents have completely subdued Isengard.[13]

However, their attacks on Orthanc proved futile because the rock of the tower was too hard for the Ents to damage. Therein Saruman remained.[14] On 5 March, Théoden, Éomer, Gandalf, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli approached the foot of Orthanc and climbed its stair until they reached the door. There they parleyed with Saruman, who remained inside the tower and spoke to them from a balcony above the door. Saruman refused to co-operate and subsequently Gandalf cast him from the order of Wizards and the White Council, and broke Saruman's staff. After this confrontation, Gríma Wormtongue, who was also inside Orthanc, threw the palantír of Orthanc at the party outside as a parting shot.[3]

A week before 22 August, T.A. 3019,[13] when King Elessar and company arrived at Orthanc, Saruman had departed Isengard with Gríma Wormtongue. However, before he left, Treebeard made him lock the tower and hand over the keys of Orthanc.[2]

第四纪元

One of King Elessar's first tasks in the re-ordering of his realm was the restoration of Orthanc. He ordered that the palantír recovered from Saruman should be returned to the tower. It was then that the tower was searched and many secrets were revealed. It became clear that Saruman had hoarded many ancient treasures and heirlooms. They found that, with the aid of Wormtongue, Saruman had acquired jewels and heirlooms of Eorl. With the help of Gimli a hidden door was found and opened. Inside a casket found on a shelf they found two precious items. One was a small golden case attached to a chain; this was used by Isildur to bear the One Ring. The second item in the casket was the Elendilmir, the "white star of Elvish crystal upon a fillet of mithril" that had been lost since Isildur's demise. Elessar recieved the Elemdilmir with reverence and took it with him as he established his full kingship of Arnor. It was clear that Saruman had found the remains of Isildur and that he had probably burned the body.[1]

Orthanc and the lands of Isengard remained part of the Reunited Kingdom of Arnor and Gondor. However King Elessar granted the Ents complete self-governance of the area surrounding Orthanc. This new forest became known as the Treegarth of Orthanc.[2]

词源

Orthanc displays a curious double etymology (co-existing "by design or chance") since it has a meaning both in the "language of the Mark of old" (rendered as Old English in The Lord of the Rings) and Tolkien's constructed language Sindarin.[15][5] Tolkien regarded this coincidence as an 'accident'.[16]

In Old English, Orthanc is said to mean "Cunning Mind".[5] Hammond and Scull has noted that Old English orþanc as a noun means "original, inborn thought" or "a skilful contrivance or work, artifice, device, design"; as an adjective it means "cunning, skilful".[15] Cf. the meaning of Saruman's name "the one of cunning devices" or "Man of Skill".[17]

In the published text, Orthanc is said to mean "Mount Fang" in Elvish.[5] In other sources, the name is glossed as "forked-height".[15][18] The name is likely supposed to be Sindarin,[15] consisting of or + thanc.[19]

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